5 Employment Laws Anyone Working in Thailand Should Know
Like every other country, Thailand has laws that must be followed no matter what, especially pertaining to work and those that can work for you.
It is important to stay on the right side of Thai law if you plan to carry out your business and/or career successfully.
Otherwise you may be facing penalties like jail time and deportation if you do not follow them.
The first thing to take care of is your paperwork. Make sure you have all your permits, visa papers and identification in order before you begin work. If you are being hired by a Thai company, contact the company and ask for any advice. Keep in touch with them at all times and make sure everything is alright before you board your plane.
Make sure the employment you have accepted does also not go against the Alien Employment Act of Thai Labour Laws.
If you are starting up a new business and need to find employees, you need to follow the labour act on this point. You should not employ anyone under the age of fifteen for one thing. Younger workers (under eighteen years of age) need to be registered with a Labour Inspection Officer within fifteen days of their employment. You will need to also let the officer know the terms of the arrangement and get consent for it.
When you have terminated the employment, you also need to let the officer know.
There are several restrictions to the work that foreigners can do. Make sure that you are not breaking the law by doing a job only reserved for Thai nationals. You will find a list of these activities online.
There are also restrictions for women and children under the age of eighteen who work for you. Make sure you know all these restrictions and employ your workers accordingly.
Breaks and Holidays
Take note of special days, holidays, holy days and other festivities that employees are exempted for. There are minimum set holidays for all workers and all employers must adhere to this. Overtime should be requested of the worker instead of demanded. Some jobs require more attention than others and this should be discussed beforehand.
Follow all the regulations stipulated in your contracts and pay attention to Thai rules and regulations.
The labour inspector will be a very important part of your work place. Their job is to make sure that all employees are being treated fairly according to the law and to see that the work environment is safe and healthy for the workers. They may come during working hours to carry out their inspection of the work place. This includes taking photographs and notes, making copies of documents pertaining to employment and other actions that will help them do their job.
They should present their identification before this so that you can be sure that the person doing the inspection is legitimate.
Labour laws are there to be followed. They will protect you as an employer or employee and as a native or immigrant of Thailand.
If you have everything in order, you should not worry too much about your employment and enjoy working in Thailand.