Thai Public Holidays (What and When)
When creating a schedule, it is important to know what public holidays might affect your plans and even alter then completely. When in Thailand, you should therefore know when public holidays will come up so that you are not caught by surprise. Knowing about them can also plan how you will celebrate them with your Thai friends or loved ones.
Below are Thai public holidays with information on when they occur.
Thai Public Holidays in Chronological Order
- New Year’s Day. This is global holiday that takes place on 1st January.
- Chinese New Year. This public holiday is observed by Thai Chinese people. It lasts for three days and celebrates the start of the Chinese calendar, which comes in February.
- Magha Puja. This is a local Thai holiday that comes up in February to celebrate a famous Buddha teaching.
- Chakri Memorial Day. This holiday is celebrated on 6th April in memory of establishment of the Chakkri Dynasty. The holiday also celebrates the establishment of Bangkok city.
- Songkran Festival. This is one of the most widely honored public holiday in Thailand. Songkran is celebrated from 13th to 15th April to mark the start of the Thai New Year.
- Coronation Day (Wan Chattra Mongkhon). This holiday, which comes on 5th May, celebrates when King Bhumibol Adulyadej was coroneted, which occurred in 1950.
- Royal Ploughing Ceremony and Farmer’s Day. This holiday, which is cerebrated on an arbitrary day in May every year, is meant as a blessing to Thailand farmers. The date is determined through astrology and then the day the holiday will take place is announced.
- Vesak. This holiday, which comes in May during Full moon in the Thai lunar month, is a cerebration that commemorates the birth, the enlightenment, and the death of the Buddha.
- Asalha Puja. The holiday is cerebrated in July, during Thai’s eighth lunar month when there is a full moon. The holiday commemorates Buddha’s first discourse.
- Beginning of Vassa. This holiday occurs in July, during the eighth Thai lunar month, specifically during the first waning moon. The holiday celebrates the start of the Buddhist Lent, also called Vassa.
- The Queen’s Birthday. This 12th August holiday celebrates the birth of Queen Sirikit in 1932. This day is also the National Mother’s Day.
- Chulalongkorn Day. This holiday is celebrated on 23th October in commemoration of the day King Chulalongkorn passed away in 1910.
- HM the King’s Birthday. This 5th December holiday commemorates King Bhumibol Adulyadej’s birthday in 1927. This holiday also doubles up as the national Father’s Day.
- Constitution Day. This holiday is celebrated on 10th December in commemoration of the day the country’s first permanent constitution was promulgated in 1932.
- New Year’s Eve. This 31st December global holiday is also widely observed in Thailand to mark the close of the year.
Thailand has quite a number of public holidays. Although some of them are generally taken more seriously, it is important to be aware of all of them so that they don’t affect your schedules. More importantly, you should look at the holidays as an opportunity to experience Thai culture and have some fun while also celebrating Thai culture.